Mining refers to the specific process of extracting minerals and metals from the Earth. Some of these include iron, uranium, coal, silver, diamond, and gold. Mining has become an essential habit that almost all country exhibits due to its role in improving every nation’s economy. But despite the economic benefits of mining, it poses a whole lot of ill effects on the environment. It is like tapping all the resources and draining the life out of the Earth.
Unfortunately, it is entirely impossible to stop every nation from mining. It would probably take thousands of years before people could realize the damaging effects of mining. Thus, it is essential to know the root of the problem so everyone can take a step forward in finding the best solution.
The Effects Of Mining On The Environment
The process of mining is straightforward. It usually starts with clearing out a large forest area to give easy access for the miners to do their job. People might wonder about the significance of that. But unfortunately, regardless of the initial damage of mining, removing the trees is entirely part of the process because it makes it easy for large-scale mining operations to use excavators and huge bulldozers to extract the metals and minerals from the soil. But this particular strategy leads to deforestation.
As we all know, it is a damaging process that disturbs the balance in nature. It touches the habitat of most animals, destroying biodiversity. The clearing of land for mining can cause a huge impact on about 80 percent of global species that resides in the forest. Aside from that, habitat destruction is the primary cause of species extinction worldwide. Therefore, it greatly decreases the balance and creates a human-wildlife conflict.
Deforestation due to mining is a huge problem as it causes soil erosion. But aside from that, the destruction of forest puts the local populations of the indigenous reserves at risk of watersheds and land qualities that lead to some health issues. It also threatens local communities by disrupting their livelihoods and affecting the quality of the food supply.
The chemicals from mine drainage can cause severe contamination of soil. It also contributes to the degradation of land and pollutes dammed rivers and pond waters. The poor working conditions in mines cause depletion of natural resources. Thus, it can’t be denied that it is bad for the ecosystem.
Why There’s No Stopping Mining
Mining is thought to be dangerous as it brings worse things to the environment. However, mining is not always detrimental as it provides some economic gain. Mining is essential in assuring the supply of natural resources. Through mining, there is an improved quality of people’s lives as goods, services, and infrastructure become abundant. For instance, numerous industries can benefit from mining fossil fuels and metals beneficial for industrial production processes. It provides a huge advantage in the future when it comes to new technology inventions.
Aside from that, mining offers employment opportunities. It can help those less fortunate to develop their quality of life and progress with their everyday living. Mining may be bad for the environment, but it gives some people a chance to gain enough income to support their family’s needs. Mining can become a source of financial stability for those people who do not have a degree but are more than able to work on physical workloads. Mining can be crucial to ensure the livelihood of many individuals who struggle to survive otherwise.
Every country engages in mining as it promises to provide them reasonable advancement. And with the help of a constant labor force, mining can become efficient and more optimized. Therefore, it guarantees to increase the country’s wealth and resource power. Through mining, countries can become more technologically mature, economically dependent, and financially developed. It helps them become competitive in the fierce global competition.
Yes, the majority of mining information leads people to damaging effects. However, as technology progresses, many experts are trying their best to come up with measures that help mitigate the adverse effects of mining to make its processes as eco-friendly as possible. That explains why there is the inclusion of using the most high-standardized planning procedure and efficient pieces of machinery in some practice. There is also a huge consideration to the distribution of the raw materials that are extracted in mines.
Mining exists for quite a long time, and humanity has benefited from the process ever since. Some countries don’t have many other industries, yet they can still make a fortune from extracting valuable natural resources out of the ground. Therefore, we can conclude that mining is significantly important to secure a high level of prosperity for the country and its citizens.