The Relevance Of Rare-Earth Metals

Everyone recognizes the value of common metals such as iron, copper, and aluminum. However, there is an essential class of metals that is important in our modern technology. Minerals in this category are called rare-earths, and they include members with lesser-known names such as neodymium.


These rare-earth metals are the cornerstone of our modern society, and they also have particular effects on global politics. Their relevance means that they deserve to be better understood by everyone.

Abundance Of Rare-Earths

Despite their name, rare-earth metals are common. Even the least abundant rare-earth metals are present in amounts hundreds of times that of gold. Many of the rare-earth metals are nearly as universal as metals we consider ubiquitous, such as lead.

What makes rare-earth metals unique is that they are difficult to extract from the ground, despite their abundance. In other minerals, their deposits tend to cluster together into concentrated regions, facilitating ore extraction. In contrast, rare-earth metals are present in more diffuse concentrations in the ground. They tend to occur with other rare-earth metals, and they are notoriously difficult to separate and purify into usable grades.

Because of how difficult it is to extract rare-earth metals, they tend to be present in small supply. Their scarcity in the market, as well as their usefulness in electronics, means that they usually command high prices.

Rare-Earths In Technology


Rare-earth metals are necessary for most electronic components. They have unique mechanical, electrical, and magnetic properties that make them suitable for many technological applications.

A typical example is the use of neodymium in hard disk drives. When alloyed with other metals, neodymium can create strong permanent magnets. These magnets are used in hard drives to encode and read the information on the disk. The written data is present as a magnetization pattern on the disk, and only neodymium magnets are powerful enough to alter and recognize these patterns. 

Rare-earth metals make up only a small fraction of the devices that contain them. Nevertheless, most electronics require rare-earth metals and will not function without them. The absence of rare-earth metals can set back human technology by decades.

The Politics Of Rare-Earths

Due to the difficulty of extracting rare-earth metals, only a limited number of places can produce them in economically significant amounts. Up until the late 20th century, the US was the leader in rare-earth production. After those years, China’s production capacity snowballed. Today, the majority of the rare-earths are mined and processed in China. Japan and the US are the other significant producers of this vital resource. 


The recycling of electronics to recover rare-earth metals is still limited. Since China has substantial control over the global supply of rare-earths essential for electronics, the country can use rare-earths as leverage. For example, China could reduce its export quotas during a trade war, causing the price of rare-earth metals to skyrocket. This action could force other countries to concede.

While rare-earth metals may seem obscure, they are a force to reckon with in the modern world. The general public underappreciates these minerals, and everyone should take some time to learn more about them.

Where To Buy Jewelry: Online Or Offline?


Jewelry is one of the prized possessions a person can have. Thus, it is essential to be wary of jewelry purchases. For the longest time, people buy jewelry from physical stores. However, with the increase of dependence on technological advances, online jewelry stores started operating. So, where should you buy a possession as precious as jewelry?

Physical Stores



People are accustomed to buying pieces of jewelry from a physical store. Going to a store is the traditional way of purchasing jewelry. Thus, people feel safer to buy things from a physical store.

With this option, they can personally check the jewelry they are planning to buy. They can meticulously inspect the quality of the jewelry inside the stores. Aside from checking the condition, prospective buyers can also examine the overall appearance of the jewelry without the technological constraints.

If people buy from physical jewelry stores, they can decrease the chances of being scammed. They can personally meet the stores’ managers. Thus, when a problem arises, customers can quickly contact the store. They can have clear communication about product queries.


Going to a physical store will take up your time, especially if you have a hectic schedule throughout the day. You will need to clear a portion of your day to pick the jewelry of your choice successfully.

Additionally, jewelry sold in a physical shop may be more expensive because of the rent paid by the company.

Online Stores



Some sites are certified jewelry sellers. The Gemological Institute of America (GIA), HRD antwerp, and International Gemological Institute (IGI) certified Caratlane’s website. Moreover, Bluestone has certification from Hallmark, Solitaire Gemmological Laboratories (SGL), and HKD. These sites legally sell high-quality and authentic jewelry. Thus, prospective buyers must not be scared of buying from these sites.

Accessibility is one of the most significant advantages of buying online. You will not need to clear your schedule for a trip to the jewelry shop. You can browse the latest trends with just a click of your finger. Besides, paying for jewelry is more convenient when you purchase from an online store. Having it delivered at your doorstep is also possible.

Jewelry sold online also has lower prices since companies do not pay for the rent of a physical store. This way, you can save money for other things.


One of the risks when it comes to buying online is the fear of being scammed. Thus, prospective online buyers must be cautious with such websites. They must check the certifications of the site before continuing with the transaction.

Another disadvantage is the possible delay in delivery. You might want to wear your desired jewelry as soon as possible, but online shops rely on third-party delivery services, so that is out of their control.

Buying jewelry online will also restrict your examination of the product. You will not have the capacity to inspect the jewelry meticulously; thus, you will need to rely on pictures provided by the online shops. Sometimes, these pictures do not necessarily reflect the actual product.

Shopping online and offline has its share of benefits and risks. Thus, as a prospective buyer, you will need to be cautious of your transactions, especially with high-value products such as jewelry. May you have an enjoyable experience in jewelry shopping!

Chocolate Diamonds: What’s So Special About Them?


Diamonds have been around since forever. They are a staple in every woman’s collection because of their beautiful sparkle. They also come in multiple shapes, colors, and sizes fit for a woman’s dream. Most importantly, their reputation lies in the fact that they are the hardest natural mineral. The most popular type of diamond is those which are almost colorless with outstanding clarity.

However, the trend of exploring colored diamonds is becoming increasingly apparent. No longer are diamonds exclusive in the transparent color. Now, some come in incredible shades of blue, purple, yellow, red, and even brown. Yes, brown diamonds exist! And to make them sound more luxurious, the industry has named them as Chocolate Diamonds.

What Are Chocolate Diamonds?

Chocolate Diamonds are rare and naturally brown-colored diamonds. The term “Chocolate Diamond” is a trademark name of Le Vian. In other words, they are brown diamonds which are more affordable than colorless diamonds. Chocolate Diamonds come from countries like Australia, Congo, Borneo, or Brazil. Take note that not all brown diamonds are Chocolate Diamonds. The name “chocolate” only applies to a particular grade and color of a brown diamond.

A Chocolate Diamond occurs naturally and artificially. Even if the look of these artificial diamonds appears brown, they are just typical diamonds treated with heat. Therefore, synthetic Chocolate Diamonds are not at all considered as such altogether.

What Separates Chocolate Diamonds From Brown Diamonds?

Chocolate Diamonds are an elite class of brown diamonds. Only an inconsequential percentage of brown diamonds are Chocolate Diamonds because Le Vian has a rigorous standard for this.

Brown diamonds are the most common on earth. These are opaque, light, or even yellow-hued. Brown diamonds are usually used only for industrial purposes until recently. When they switched to the fine jewelry market, their value remained lower than the other diamonds. On the other hand, Chocolate Diamonds have a deeply saturated dark brown color. It increases in value depending on how rich and dark the color is.

Are They As Valuable As Regular Diamonds?


If you’re purchasing a piece of jewelry for future investment, a Chocolate Diamond may not be your best choice. These are not expected to rise in value any time soon, and even the best Chocolate Diamond might not meet auctioneers’ or buyers’ standards. Of all colored diamonds, these are some of the least valuable pieces due to their opaque color and very little shine.

Most brown diamonds have lesser clarity and poor color. There are brown diamonds which are a lot rarer and are more beautiful than colorless diamonds. However, this only comprise less than 5% of brown diamonds. Because Chocolate Diamonds are classified together with brown diamonds, this lowers the value for both drastically.

Why Buy A Chocolate Diamond?


Chocolate Diamonds are becoming more common nowadays because of great advertising.  Jewel companies like Le Vian have made it seem like Chocolate Diamonds are the next big thing. Even if they may not be the best in terms of value, Chocolate Diamonds are low in cost. Thus, it is an excellent option for engagement rings or if you are looking into owning a jewelry piece. The unique color also allows you to customize and even personalize your diamond, all within budget.

If you’re thinking about buying a Chocolate Diamond, research well. Even if these cost less, you will still spend some money on it. But who knows, Chocolate Diamonds might be your best friend too!

Breaking Jewelry Shopping Addiction (Listen To Your Therapist)

Surely, jewelry shopping is one of the most fulfilling experiences that a lot of women consider. It lifts the mood and reduces stress levels in ways no one can imagine. It promotes social interaction as well because shoppers tend to associate with their peers and sales personnel. However, too much of the habit somehow results in a negative way of living. So if you found yourself in a behavioral situation where there is an involved compulsive buying of gold and glittery stones, perhaps it is time to listen to your therapist.


Spending Habits

If you happen to blow every penny you have in buying pieces of jewelry, you might want to consider an evaluation. Ask yourself questions as to what jewelry means to you. How are they supposed to help you get through, and what are their roles in your life. Perhaps you already got the answers in your head. But are those reasons genuinely enough to validate your jewelry shopping addiction? Will you be able to tell everyone that what you are doing is based on necessity?

“Compulsive shopping is not a well-defined disorder, and it’s not a stand-alone condition,” says Jerrold Pollak, Ph.D. “It’s usually linked to other problems such as depression, anxiety or self-esteem issues.”

One of the issues with shopping is its inherently pleasurable effects. At some point, it is entirely normal and healthy. In some fortunate instances, people often use it as therapy. However, the problem is when they are doing it excessively that individuals begin to develop adverse emotional and mental dysfunction. When spending habits lead to debts that can’t get repaid, it causes stress and anxiety. And when shopping becomes more important than other things, it brings psychological issues.

“The thrill of purchase only gives way to let-down, disappointment, guilt, shame, financial and interpersonal consequences–and the need for more shopping,” says Suzanne Phillips, Psy.D.


Financial Rights Or Mental Threat?

Another problem with shopping addiction lies in the growth of your finances. The better they are, the more you support the behavioral habit. However, for those individuals who can’t seem to afford such expensive things, their ways of achieving it depend on their capability to alter their behavior. For some that can afford the constant buying, they consider the practice as economic rights. But for those who can barely make enough cash, wanting and getting things by any means is a mental threat.

From all the jewelry shopping that you do and calculating all the years you spent buying stuff, there is so much clutter for sure. You might not see it, but every time you feel you need to buy something because it is pretty and sparkly, you encourage a mental distortion. Yes, the habit allows an increase of dopamine levels because you reward yourself. However, when the activity becomes constant, there is a dopamine rise. When that happens, your reward pathways aims for more satisfaction until it pushes you to do more and exceeds what currently pleases you.


Breaking The Bad Behavioral Habit

If the addiction has been running for an extended period, it can be quite impossible to address. However, some ways can help you from getting rid of the mental condition. The first thing you have to do is evaluate and internalize. You have to gather all the financial details you have, such as debts and expenses, as well as income. From there, create a plan to attack it, and one way to do it is through learning the art of budgeting. When you finally get a hold of how much money you earn and spend, everything else will become an eye-opener.

“Treating the underlying issue can help improve the buying behavior if it stems from another disorder,” says Marlynn Wei, MD.

Another thing you need to look through is that not all pleasing jewelry deals are good deals. Most of it is just trying to riff you off. When you realize the need to say “no,” you will be amazed at how those things don’t genuinely matter at all. Yes, it will be difficult to avoid temptations. But when you try and figure out what your triggers are, you will be able to understand what to do. When you go shopping for pieces of jewelry, always ask yourself if you need it. Don’t use your stress, anxiety, boredom, and depression as an excuse to get one. Be mindful that in everything you do, your will is more powerful than your desires. Stick to your means and only buy things you need.

Knowing that you have a mental condition will able to help in addressing the root of the issue. Because once you realize the need for psychological help, you can be able to set out limits. From there, you can begin to make sure that you only buy things that you need. Yes, jewelry is amazingly beautiful things. But they are not as valuable as your mental and emotional condition.

Getting To Know Sapphire Rings And How Suffolk Jewelers Succeed In The Business


Jewelry is a precious accessory that sometimes has the same market value as a luxury car; that’s why consumers have made it a routine to examine the credibility of the jewelry shops that they go to, as well as the items retailed before they seal a deal. However, as some psychologists say, it is an accouterment that we may never let go of because of the rewarding feeling or symbolism that it gives us. Luckily for the accessory lovers in Long Island, there are Suffolk jewelers within the area who can provide them with top-quality pieces anytime.

3 Things Behind Jewelry Stores’ Accomplishments


No business succeeds out of sheer luck, mind you. The Suffolk jewelers are not regular folks either who have woken up one day and suddenly claimed that they hold profound knowledge about treasurable stones and metals. It has taken these people years to study this subject matter carefully before being allowed to handle this kind of work. Thanks to their expertise in the field, promotional opportunities have opened for small jewelers.


Suffolk Jewelers possess a deep understanding of the worth of rare coins and antique trinkets. They have the right tools and experience to find out if the articles that someone wishes to sell to the store are mere replicas or not. They are up-to-date as well when it comes to the gold market, so those who want to purchase or trade jewels made from such material can ascertain that they will not be deceived in the end.



Because Marinelli Jewelers has earned the trust of some of the largest jewelry-making brands today, the establishment houses a wide selection of deluxe accessories that you can adorn yourself with from head to foot. In case you are planning to offer marriage to your long-time partner, there are engagement and even wedding rings in the store. Watches, necklaces, and bracelets lined with diamonds are accessible here too.

With everything put into consideration, it is easy to comprehend that the ultimate secret to the jewelry shop’s success is the Suffolk jewelers who always make sure that the accouterments that go on the display stands are authentic and high-class. If you ever think of buying rings, necklaces, and other accessories in Long Island, you now know that you have nothing to worry about regarding the authenticity of such products in the area.


A Novice’s Guide To Sapphire Rings

Sapphire is a mere gemstone dedicated to the people born in September until a few decades ago when Princess Diana of England steered a slight commotion among the royalties as her choice of the pre-wedding band has this in the middle. Sapphire rings were viewed as unfit for the members of the royal family, not like diamonds or rubies; however, the princess stood firm, and her ring had been passed down by her eldest son to Kate Middleton, the Duchess of Cambridge and the reason behind the popularity of sapphire engagement rings to date.

Why Has Sapphire Become Famous?

It can be associated to the earlier story in which the late princess did not back out of her decision even though others were opposing the stone that was inexpensive in the royal standards at 28,000 GBP in 1981. It served as a symbol of confidence that brides-to-be wish to convey to many.

Does Sapphire Solely Come In Blue Color?

Although Kate’s sapphire engagement ring has quickly provided her something old and something blue, the gem is not restricted to the same hue. As a matter of truth, it can also be red, green, purple, yellow, or pink, depending on where they are from. What remains to be the most treasured color, however, is blue.


How To Determine The Authenticity Of The Gemstone

It takes a specialist to see a sapphire for what it is as there are fake versions of the stone that can look genuine through the naked eye even if it is just glass that has been filled with lead. The first advice that experts can offer to people who wish to discern whether the gemstone in front of them is authentic or not is by looking for any dark spot (an inclusion) within the sapphire since genuine stones are imperfectly perfect in that manner. The consumers may need to gain access to a jeweler’s magnifying glass as well that can zoom in the size of the object up to 10 times so that they can see all the additional specs inside the gem.

Where To Find Real Sapphire Rings

In case the couples are searching for a highly trustworthy manufacturer of sapphire engagement rings, there is nowhere else to go but The Natural Sapphire Company. This jewelry institution has been in the industry since 1939, and its main product has never ceased to be this specific gemstone alone. To test the validity of every unpolished sapphire that comes to their possession, the company has its gem experts who can ascertain the genuineness of every item they sell, along with proper documentation. They have talented designers, setters, and jewelers in their midst as well.

Final Thoughts

Creating jewelry promises a lucrative and sophisticated business. The consumers’ salaries may vary, but they all want to get at least one authentic accessory, especially for special occasions. Find out more about this industry today!

Mining And Its Benefits

People often get worried about the environment when they hear the word mining. But, who wouldn’t get that anxiety when you know the possible effects of mining? However, due to this misconception, people don’t see the beneficial sides of it. They don’t understand that mining brings forward the economy’s growth. There are good jobs for lots of people and direct government revenues. However, the real benefit of it is more significant than everyone can ever imagine. That’s because the metals mined are used in making almost everything that we now enjoy.


Where It All Started

The mining industry already established its foundation years ago. It has been part of people’s economic growth since history. Since the boom of the gold and silver currency, most of our ancestors consider the mining as a form of community growth as well. Meaning, the more people contribute to mining, the more chances they will get enough resources in building things that serve people’s convenience. Communities and towns across each country view mining as a sturdy economic balance that will never run out of value. That explains why a lot of companies still strive today because they continue to invest in a great deal of innovation in the future. It includes automobile safety development, creating tons of new appliances, enhanced computer parts, building of functional types of machinery, and even more developed smartphones.

Say for example you would want to build a bike. From the brakes, tires, frame, cables, handlebars, and gears, all are products of mining. Also, computer device parts from cooler, boards, and chips, are also from mining. Your car from its engine, up to its frame, almost all things about it of it are from mining. That’s due to the world’s vast natural resources. That explains why mines are beneficial in creating critical components that enhance modern machines and devices. The product of metal mines already became the building blocks of people’s modern living.


Until today, mining remains the dominant force of most countries in the world. It still generates tons of jobs for individuals. Mining’s commitment illustrates safeguards to protect people and also our natural resources. Though there are some situations that mining appears to be involved in environmental scandals, it is still a vital part of a country’s growing future. People are working in the mining industry that always tries their best to safeguard human lives, animals, water, air, and the land itself. There are strict regulations and a high standard that helps ensure responsible mining operations. Not only it does keep workers safe; it also protects the environment from the possible danger of unmonitored consumption of resources.

The mining industry continues to invest in the process because of the visible economic boost. Not only has it showed a significant impact in the urban areas and cities, but in the rural parts of the countries as well. It helps to create tons of opportunities such as transportation, construction, technical services, retail sector, and equipment. It becomes the world’s largest source of industrial modernization.


Want To Stop Mining?

There are billions of people in the world. Therefore, they need water, food, and shelter for survival. Without mining, then there will be no steels, cement, and concrete. Without these particular ingredients, there are no skyscrapers, shopping malls, stadiums, supermarkets, schools, hospitals, houses, and no cities. There will be no roads for infrastructure, no rails for trains, harbors, airports, and even bridges. Surely without these, there will also be no trucks, cars, planes, trains, and ships. There will be no agricultural types of equipment as well that will support the production of crops, feeds for animals, and food for people as well. Without mining, there will be no water treatment plans, pumps, towers, and even water. Without all of these valuable things that help businesses grow, there will be nothing to support it. There will be no interstate commerce and no global trade. Therefore, there are no jobs and the opportunity to grow for everyone.

Yes, there are things that people need to consider when it comes to mining. But the idea of entirely stopping it will only create a global problem. As humans, we have to admit that the only way we can survive in this world is through the help of our natural resources.

Poisonous Metals And Mental Health


Poisonous metals are part of our environment. The degree of contagion is so severe that its presence is not questioned, but rather how much of it exists. Acute toxins like lead and mercury manifest in obvious signs of poisoning, but effects from long-term exposure are more inconspicuous. Constant exposure brings about a variety of disturbances from psychological to violent behavior, memory lapses, depression (therapy might be necessary), and irritability, to physical, such as fatigue, organ dysfunctions, migraines, and infections.

Continue reading “Poisonous Metals And Mental Health”

Should You Use Ayahuasca In The Mining Industry?

Ayahuasca has been linked to tons of psychoactive effects that are usually experienced by the people who enjoy drinking this beverage. It is made of two plants namely Banisteriopsis caapi and Psychotria viridis. In the past, Ayahuasca is considered a big part of the culture of the natives in South America. These people use it for their spiritual practices or activities too. Over the years, its popularity has risen due to the several advantages that are associated with it.


Before anything else, it is essential or vital to note that the effects of this powerful brew or drink can vary from one person to another. The known effects are subjective. In this article, we are going to provide a quick enumeration of the advantages that one can get from consuming Ayahuasca: 

  1. It Reduces Depression

A recent study shows that this Ayahuasca targets several regions of the brain that are responsible for processing emotions. The regular consumption of this item is proven to be effective in eliminating stress as well as anxiety experienced by the person involved. At the same time, it can also decrease or reduce depression due to its anti-depressive components. It is classified as a medicine that can activate the serotonin receptors in the brain.

  1. It Cures Cancer

The several people who have taken advantage of the availability of Ayahuasca claimed that they felt more revitalized than ever. According to EduardoSchenberg, a researcher from the University of Sao Paulo, the brew has a high potential of addressing the medical issue concerning cancer cells. In his published study, he revealed that DMT and harmine found in Ayahuasca play an essential role in cancer treatment. However, he emphasized that additional tests and experiments must be conducted to come up with detailed findings.

  1. It Expands Consciousness

Ayahuasca allows an individual to live in the present by giving him an opportunity to discover a deeper meaning of his life. It provides a person with a chance to appreciate all the circumstances and decisions that led him to where he is at the moment. It is ideal for one who is searching for answers in his life or finding a way to gain a full understanding of his current situation. It can also evoke a positive feeling of self-redemption as well as self-reflection.


  1. It Can Be Self-Healing

Several persons call Ayahuasca as a healer due to the different excellent processes that it facilitates in the human body. Consuming this brew can lead to psychosomatic and spiritual shifts. It is the primary reason why it is said to be the perfect brew that can cure addiction. It can result in some changes in the habits or customs enjoyed by a particular person. It includes the modification in the addictive patterns practiced by the same individual.

  1. It Reduces Stress

Another known effect of Ayahuasca is reduced stress and anxiety. This alternative medicine has a component that can make a person feel lightweight and free from the pressures of the material world. Because of this feature, many people prefer to have it regularly. As already mentioned above, this robust brew can also evoke mindfulness making any person more focused for a particular day. Stress reduction is essential in the mining industry.


What To Do Next?

Take note that the article presents Ayahuasca and its benefits. However, we do not claim that it is the perfect solution to improve your working conditions. It is still highly recommended to book an appointment with a medical doctor or psychiatrist who can tell you more about this potent brew. You may be allergic to a significant component found in Ayahuasca. If not detected at an early stage, continued use of the powerful brew can be dangerous to your health. Instead of enjoying the benefits, you may end up missing more.

Keep in mind that not all states allow the use, possession, and sale of Ayahuasca. As such, it is crucial or essential for you to read the rules and regulations of the company before taking Ayahuasca within the premises of the company’s buildings and establishments. Remember that the employer may terminate you immediately the moment you fail to comply with the said rule.


If there is one thing that you need to understand at this point, it is the fact that there are still other ways to de-stress and expand consciousness despite your busy schedule in the mining industry. All that you must do is to take some time to rest so that you can recover from the stressful events or moments at work. Do not hesitate to rest or take a break when necessary. Keep in mind that your mental health must be prioritized at all times. Otherwise, you will end up experiencing problems in your job. In the long run, you may lose interest to get things done if the palace has


Mine Your Own Business


Gold means wealth! Many people condemn mining because of the harm it does to Mother Nature. However, it could be differently viewed if we are going to consider another angle. When we speak of economic wealth and stability, gold mining is of great importance. It determines the standing of a country as to how much it can compete, trade, and deal with other countries. Gold gives more than just money. It gains country respect.


The world has about 148.94 million sq. km land area, and depending on the boundary, larger countries have the advantage of having larger land areas to mine. It is undeniable that mining is a way of extending wealth, and there are leading countries who produce the most gold.


Top 10 Countries Producing The Most Gold As Of 2018:


Land Area: 9.597 million km²

Mining Area Location: Inner Mongolia and Tibet

Gold Produced: 426 tonnes

Having a large land area, China has been the top gold producing country in the world. However, they dropped by 6 percent in 2017 due to petitions concerning environmental awareness.



Land Area: 7.692 million km²

Mining Area Location: Kalgoorlie, Western Australia

Gold Produced: 295.1 tonnes

Australia has a large land area, but they are expecting their gold production to drop if their exploration cost does not increase twice as much.



Land Area: 17.1 million km²

Mining Area Location: Krasnoyarsk region and Chukotka region

Gold Produced: 270.7 tonnes

Russia is the top producer of gold in the European continent, and they are also the primary buyer of their locally-produced gold.


United States

Land Area: 9.834 million km²

Mining Area Location: Alaska and Colorado

Gold Produced: 230.0 tonnes

Gold production in the US increases annually contributed by the effort of projects in Nevada and South Carolina.



Land Area: 9.985 million km²

Mining Area Location: British Columbia

Gold Produced: 175.8 tonnes

Canada is also on the rise when it comes to gold production, and they are expecting to expand in 2019.




Land Area: 1.285 million km²

Mining Area Location: La Pampa region

Gold Produced: 162.3 tonnes

There is a petition to stop mining in Peru because it destroyed the Amazon Rainforest. It also severely contributed to pollution and deforestation.



Land Area: 1.905 million km²

Mining Area Location: Papua

Gold Produced: 154.3 tonnes

Indonesia is home to the seventh deepest gold mines in the world, the Grasberg mine.


South Africa

Land Area: 1.22 million km²

Mining Area Location: Witwatersrand

Gold Produced: 139.9 tonnes

South Africa is home to the world’s deepest gold mine. However, gold production is declining due to increased labor cost and production breaks.



Land Area: 1.973 million km²

Mining Area Location: State of Zacatecas

Gold Produced: 130.5 tonnes

Mexico has a low cost of regulation making it ideal for mining. However, gold mining companies have been having problems causing the decline in production.



Land Area: 238,535 km²

Mining Area Location: Wassa West District

Gold Produced: 101.7 tonnes

Ghana is the second largest African gold-producing country.  It is famous for its various mineral reserve.




Gold mining is one of the means of every country to stabilize and gain wealth. However, due to petitions for environmental awareness, there is a gradual decline in gold production. If people obtain proper knowledge of the importance of mining to economic growth, there will be greater support and management of mining.